Saraiki Language and Culture

Saraiki Language and Culture

The Saraiki citizens, as well as Multani citizens, are living in south Punjab of Pakistan. Mostly Saraiki peoples are living in Multan, Bahawalpur, Muzaffargarh, DG Khan and many other cities of South Punjab and also of Sindh. The small group of Saraikis is also residing in India, which usually lives in ‘Maharashtra and the regions of Gujarat.’

Most of the Saraikies are Muslims while some are Hindus and as well Sikhs. The number of Saraiki speakers in Pakistan is 8.38 percent.

Saraiki Culture in History

Saraiki culture is one of the ancient civilization which belongs to ancient Sindhi culture, which is estimated to be 40 thousand years old.

This region has famous Sufi Saints, including the famous Hazrat Bahu-UD-Din Zakariya Multani and Hazrat Shah Rukn-E-Alam. The famous Sufi poet Baba Ghulam Farid and Muhammad Suleiman Tunsawi belong to the same area. Hazrat Sakhi Sarvar tomb is also renowned in the Saraiki region.

Saraiki Literature

Saraiki literature undoubtedly is a research from the Saraiki language that is certainly mainly spoken in central Pakistan. The main Saraiki-speaking cities are Multan, Bahawalpur, Muzzafargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan and Dera Ismail Khan. Saraiki region recognized for their particular Sufi poetry.

After the formation of Pakistan, Saraiki literature has gained a significant role in society. The famous Saraiki poets are Baba Ghulam Fareed, Sachal Sarmast, Shah Abdul Latif Bhatai, and many others. Multan, Bahawalpur, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzzafargarh people prefer to speak Saraiki language.

Traditional Saraiki Foods

Saraiki foods come with numerous amazing local dishes. The city of Multan defined as a hub of Saraiki cooking food.

Fabulous foods of  Saraikians are similar to the other areas of Pakistan, whereas the favorite vegetable is “Sohanjana,” which is appropriately eaten by cooking in Qeema.

Sohan Halwa is a famous specialty of southern Punjab, especially Multan. Sohan Halwa cooked by water, sugar, milk as well as cornflour. Almonds and walnuts are also required. For Decoration Almonds and as well, Pistachios chopped. Sohan Halwa and Mangoes are delivered in whole Pakistan from Multan.

Here is a list of some Saraiki region local dishes.

  • Suhanjana
  • Saag
  • Chawal Bhaatt
  • Daal
  • Sohan Halwa
  • Gurr ally Chawal

Saraiki Festivals

Local festivals here celebrated according to the Islamic year.

Here are numerous festivals and nights are celebrated of Sufi Saints. People from far away come to attend the celebration of Sakhi Sarwar which held in March as well as many traditional events are celebrated in this region. These festivals are famous in all over Pakistan. The horse, as well as Bail races and traditional games, are also the central part of these fairs.

Famous Tribes

There are Malik Jutt and Rajput infamous tribes or cast tribes, whereas Balochies, Punjabies also settled here. Various caste communities include Leghari Khosa, Dharija ‘Ansari’ Arain, Dhool, Qureshi, Khar, etc.

Traditional Dresses

Residents generally wore Shalwar kameez, which is the nationwide dress of Pakistan. The typical man dress is usually Lungi with Chola (kameez). The men keep Rumal or Shaal on the shoulder as well as Patka over the head. Chadar is as an essential element of man and women outfit. Females worn bochanrr and as well wore ghagra in their daily routine life. Regional people wear Suthan Shalwar. Ladies as well wear Shalwar Kameez.

Traditional Games

Geeti Danda most likely the favorite local games activities particularly for young boys in a rural area. Various traditional games are  Bandar Killa, Pittu Garam, Golian, Dhapi and as well, Kabaddi. Yasoo Punjo and Lukan Lukai and Pakran Pakrai are also famous among children. Besides these types of games Cricket, Football is also famous in this region.

Here is a list of traditional games.

  • Bandar Killa
  • Pittu Garam
  • Golian
  • Dhapi
  • Kabaddi
  • Yasoo Punjo
  • Lukan Lukai and Pakran Pakrai

 

Art and Music

Saraiki art and music is very famous in all over Pakistan and also popular in different regions of gulf state like UAE and Saudi Kingdom. Saraiki Jhumar dance is critical social factors and therefore are an essential part of the majority of the festivities and as well, events. Jhoomar is a classical Saraiki folk dance which usually comes from Multan and as well, Balochistan. This community provides generated several skilled persons inside the music industry. Tracks in Saraiki generally involve beauty of the desert, and as well, famous singers of this area comprise of Atta Ullah Essa Khailwi, Pathanay Khan, Shafa Ullah Rokhri and many more.

 Saraiki singers

Here are some Saraiki notable singers:

  • Pathanay Khan
  • Atta Ullah Esa Khelvi
  • Shafa Ullah Rokhri
  • Anmol Sial
  • Wajid Ali Baghdadi
  • Mansoor Malangi
  • Nadeem Abbas
  • Talib Hussain Dard

Jhoomar is a traditional Saraiki folk dance which usually originates from Multan and as well, Balochistan. It is merely slow-moving as well as, stroking. The word “Jhumar” arises from Jhum/Jhoom, which means instability. Jhumar is conducted generally at marriages. It’s a pleasantly displaying of happiness. The dance performed through Balochi as well as Saraiki citizens of Southern Punjab. Every single region of Southern Punjab has their version of Jhumar. Many perform Jhoomar as a group on dhol beats. Saraiki kids also dance on Jhoomar with great happiness.

Saraiki Poetry

Most popular Saraiki poet person also called God Father of Saraiki poetry is Shakir Shuja Abadi. He has written various books in Saraiki Poetry, mainly inspired on Sufism. Shakir Shujabadi is the renowned Saraiki-language poet. He could not even speak (properly due to physical disability).

Shakir Shujabadi started to recite his thoughts at the regional darbar. Through the early 90s, he’d received popularity in Saraiki culture. His initial appropriate mushaira happened in the year 1986.

Among his best-known verses are “Tu Mehnat Kar Tay Mehnat da Silla Jaane Khuda Jaane” and , “Tu Dewa bal kay Rakh Shakir, Hawa Jaane Khuda Jany” Some of his passages are aslo converted to english langauge as well.

 

 

 

Tanveer Ul Hassan

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